Six studies were evaluated to investigate the relationship between Medical Nutrition Therapy on pregnancy outcomes in women with gestational diabetes mellitus. Medical Nutrition Therapy, initiated within one week of diagnosis and with a minimum of three nutrition visits, results in decreased hospital admissions and insulin use, improves likelihood of normal fetal and placental growth, and reduces risk of perinatal complications, especially when diagnosed and treated early.
Overall strength of the available supporting evidence: Grade I - good; Grade II - fair; Grade III - limited; Grade IV - expert opinion; Grade V: not assignable
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Date of Literature Review for the Evidence Analysis: March 2006
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Medical Nutrition Therapy 2006
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